In mid-April, the Chinese government said the increased U.S. military presence in the Asia-Pacific region causes a lot of tension, and they plan to send more military forces and strengthen their partnerships with neighboring countries.
A recent study found that China’s growing industrial power increasingly threatens to end the military supremacy of the United States (U.S.) in Asia-Pacific waters, making it difficult for Washington to be able to maintain their “status quo” in the region, achieved through its alliances with Japan and South Korea.
The Carnegie Endowment for International Peace published a study of nine U.S. researchers, who claim that “in the next two decades, China will reach the U.S. in its military capabilities, including the ability to build aircraft carriers and stealth type fighter aircraft.”
“Will the United States maintain its leadership of the last 60 years in the area? Our own country says yes, but it is still not very clear whether it is really so,” said one of the report’s authors, Michael D. Swaine, an expert on China’s defense policy.
According to experts, due to the economic interdependence between the two countries, “Beijing will probably prevent the use of military force and not cause an armed conflict in order to try to expel Washington from the region.”
The document also states that the change in the strategic balance in the region most strongly affects Japan, an economic power whose security has depended for a long time on its alliance with the U.S. government.
Experts also believe that Japan could respond to the growing power of China, further tightening its ties with Washington, as it did recently during the escalation of tension that arose from the islands whose sovereignty is disputed between the two nations.
The report concluded that the most likely outcome of this “arms race” will be a “delicate balance” across the region, causing U.S. hegemony to gradually weaken with increasing Chinese military capabilities.
China’s armed forces have always been a staunch force upholding world peace and regional stability, according to a white paper on national defense released on Tuesday.
“China’s security and development are closely connected with the peace and prosperity of the world as a whole,” the white paper says.
According to the document, the country’s armed forces are now mainly engaged in maintaining world peace and regional stability by participating in UN peacekeeping operations, international disaster relief and humanitarian aid, safeguarding the security of international sea lines of communication (SLOCs), and joint exercises and training with foreign armed forces.
Wang Xinjun, a researcher on war theory and strategy with the Academy of Military Sciences of the Chinese People’s Liberation Army (PLA), said, “Taking on the obligations of a major power is an important feature marking China’s entering into the world stage.”